Σάββατο, 28 Δεκεμβρίου 2013

The curse of oil and Sudan - the Sudan split, the Salva Kiir, the George Clooney .. and the Chinese factor..

Δεν είναι  πολλά χρόνια πριν που ο George Clooney είχε επιστρατευτεί από τις γνωστές κυβερνητικές Μ.Κ.Ο (NGOs) για να "ευαισθητοποίσει την παγκόσμια κοινή γνώμη για την κακοδιοίκηση του Σουδαν και την ανθρωπιστική καταστροφή που συνέβαινε στο Darfour.  Παράλληλα το ΝΑΤΟ όπλιζε και καθοδηγούσε το αποσχιστικό κίνημα του Ν Σουδάν το Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA)  . Γιατί αυτός ο ξαφνικός πόνος του George για το Darfur ? οπαρακάτω χάρτης είναι χαρακτηριστικός και λέει όλη την αλήθεια ..

Ακριβώς στα νέα σύνορα που  ήθελε να χαράξει το ΝΑΤΟ υπήρχε το πετρέλαιο , ανατολικά του Darfur. Ετσι η ανθρωπιστική κρίση στο Darfur χρησιμοποιήθηκε σαν προσχημα για ετοιμαστει η διεθνής κοινή γνώμη για την διχοτόμηση του Σουδαν , πράγμα που έγινε  μετα πολλών επάινων και τυμπανοκρουσιών από την Δύση. Η διχοτόμηση έγινε το 2011 με βάση φυλετικά και θρησκευτικά δεδομένα , δηλαδή τον Αραβικό/ μουσουλμανικό βορά και την ον Αφρικανικό/ Χριστιανο- Πρεσβυτεριανό Νότο. Με αυτο τον τρόπο οι Δυτικοί θέλαν ανακόψουν την διείσδυση της Κίνας που ήδη είχε συμφωνίες προμήθειας πετρελάιου με το Χαρτούμ, εφόσον θεωρούσαν τον νέο πρόεδρο του Νότου Salva Kiir ποιό εύκολα διαχειρίσιμο. Τα πράγματα όμως δεν εξελίχθηκαν και τόσο καλα διότι :>>
1. Ο Salva Kiir άρχισε αμέσως τα παρε δωσε πάλι με τους Κινέζους..

2. Σαν πρώην στρατιωτικός  δεν ήταν και τόσο αποτελεσματικός στην πολιτική διαχείρηση  με αποτελεσμα την υπαρξη μεγάλης διαφθοράς και αανποτελεσματικότητας

3. Το Σουδαν (Χαρτουμ) , μπήκε σε διασυνοριακές διεκδικήσεις με σκοπό τον έλεγχο των  κοιτασμάτων γύρω από την περιοχή του ABYEI  και  το Heglig, με αποτέλεσμα εναν χαμηλής έντασης πόλεμο που όμως στοιχησε χιλιαδες θύματα και εκτοπισμένους
 >>>>>> read more


Kai δώ ακριβώς έρχεται στο προσκήνιο ο  Riek Machar φανατικός Πρεσβυτεριανός και σπουδασμένος στην Αγγλία , πρωην αντιπρόεδρος του Ν Σουδαν και προσπαθει να κάνει πραξικόπημα .. να ξαναελευθερώσει  το Ν Σουδαν .. από τον αυταρχικό Salva.  Tωρα για το ποιός είναι ο Machar .. ? θεωτείται από τους βασικούς υπεύθυνους της σφαγής του BOR 
όπου έχασαν την ζωή τους πάνω από 2.000 άτομα 



Και έτσι ξεκινάει η νέα πολιτική κρίση στο Νότιο Σουδάν (που εννοείται οι Δυτικοί το αποσχίσαν απο τον Βορα για ανθρωπιστικους λόγους .. Darfur κτλ..) με σκοπό την επιβολή των θέσεων  του ΝΑΤΟ και την προσπάθεια του ελέγχου των κοιτασμάτων 


Το αποτέλεσμα ?..  έτσι για να μας φύγει η απορία του τι γίνεται  τώρα ?
About 150 US Marines Are Moving Near South Sudan For Crisis Response
"By positioning these forces forward, we are able to more quickly respond to crisis in the region, if required,” a defense official said,  ..

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the Sudan split, the  Salva Kiir, the George Clooney .. and the Chinese factor..
Tα παρακάτω πρωτοδημοσιευτηκαν τον ΙΑΝΟΥΡΙΟ 2011>>
The Sudan split
An opinion poll shows that the secession referendum in Sudan will probably trigger more violence resulting in the West's exploitation of southern oil-rich Sudan.
Nearly 58 percent of the respondents voted that the referendum on secession of southern Sudan will not only lead to a new wave of violence, strife and socio-economic instability, but it will also enable the exploitation of south Sudan's oil by the removal of the anti-western regime.
 The opinion poll was conducted by Press TV from January 8 to 18. A total of 638 participants took part in the poll. Only 13.79 percent of the respondents voted that the long-term conflict between south Sudan leaders and Khartoum will come to an end. It is noteworthy that 27.4 percent of respondents were from the US, 9.5 percent were from the UK, 5.9 percent from Canada, 2.9 percent from Kuwait, 2 percent from Australia and 52.3 percent from other countries. The vote is in contradiction with a 2005 peace agreement, brokered by the African Union and the United Nations, ending decades of civil war between Sudan's northern and southern parts. Sudan's President Omar Hassan al-Bashir has said the divisions between the two regions are the legacy of the former colonial power, Great Britain. Bashir has also warned that south Sudan would face instability in the wake of a possible secession. "The south suffers from many problems. It's been at war since 1959," the Sudanese president said. "The south does not have the ability to provide for its citizens or create a state or authority," he further explained. Last Saturday, at least 25 people were killed and many more injured in clashes between fighters from two rival tribes in the Abyei region of southern Sudan ahead of the historic referendum. The United States and the European Union have been campaigning for years to split the major African country, voicing support for the secession of the oil-rich, mainly Christian south. The effort has openly promoted racism as well as sectarianism, claiming rivalries between Arabs versus Africans and Christians against Muslims. 

In an interview with Press TV, African political analyst, Nii Akuetteh, said that when countries like the United States and China back regimes in Sudan “they see that those regimes are serving their interests, and then they can work with them.” “They are looking at the south [Sudan] and [are] giving more support to the south,” he added, referring to China. However, Akuetteh believes that outside interference is not the only issue causing conflict between north and south Sudan and said that “the north has mistreated Southern Sudan for a long time.” On Sunday, people in southern Sudan began voting in a landmark referendum on independence from the north, hoping that the week-long vote could split Africa's biggest country in two. 
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but who is the new emperor of the South ?  .. and his name is Salva Kiir Mayardit
Kiir is a Dinka, though of a different clan than former Southern Sudan president John Garang. In the late 1960s, Kiir joined the Anyanya in the First Sudanese Civil War. By the time of the 1972 Addis Ababa Agreement, he was a low-ranking officer.[1] In 1983, when Garang joined an army mutiny he had been sent to put down, Kiir and other Southern leaders joined the rebel Sudan People's Liberation Movement (SPLM) in the second civil war. Garang had little military field experience and relied upon the more experienced Anyanya veterans, including Kiir, to actually carry out the ground war.[2] Kiir eventually rose to head the SPLA's military wing. An attempt to remove Kiir from his post as SPLA chief of staff in 2004 nearly caused the organization to split.[1] Following the signing of theComprehensive Peace Agreement formally ending the war in January 2005, which he had helped start, he was appointed Vice President of Southern Sudan. After the death of Garang in a helicopter crash of 30 July 2005, he was chosen to succeed to the post of First Vice President of Sudan and President of Southern Sudan. He is popular among the military wing of the SPLM for his battlefield victories and among the populace for his unambiguous pro-secession stance.[1] Comments by Kiir in October 2009 that the forthcoming independence referendum was a choice between being "a second class in your own country" or "a free person in your independent state" were expected to further strain political tensions.[3] Reports in January 2010 that Kiir would not contest April elections for Sudanese president, but would focus on re-election as president of Southern Sudan were interpreted to mean that the SPLM priority is independence.[4] Kiir was reelected with 93% of the vote in the 2010 Sudanese election. Although the vote on both the national and subnational level was criticized by democratic activists and international observers, the overwhelming margin of Kiir's reelection was noted by some media as being "Step One" in the process of secession.[5] Following his re-election, Omar al-Bashir reappointed Kiir as the First Vice President of Sudan in accordance with the interim constitution
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But why George Clooney wants to "Save Darfur" and Southern Soudan ... from the "bad boys of the North"  ? 
because ...

Southern Sudan produces 85% of Sudanese oil output. The oil revenues according to the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), are to be split equally for the duration of the agreement period. Oil revenues constitute more than 98% of the semi-autonomous government of Southern Sudan's budget. The oil and other mineral resources can be found throughout Southern Sudan, but the Bentiu is commonly known as being especially rich in oil, while Jonglei, Warap and Lakes states have potential reserves. In recent years, a significant amount of foreign-based oil drilling has begun in Southern Sudan, raising the land's geopolitical profile. Khartoum has partitioned much of Sudan into blocks, with about 85% of the oil coming from the South. Blocks 1, 2, and 4 are controlled by the largest overseas consortium, the Greater Nile Petroleum Operating Company (GNPOC). GNPOC is composed of the following players: China National Petroleum Corporation(CNPC, People's Republic of China), with a 40% stake; Petronas (Malaysia), with 30%; Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (India), with 25%; and Sudapet of the central Sudan government with 5%.  The other producing blocks in the South are blocks 3 and 7 in Eastern Upper Nile. These blocks are controlled by Petrodar which is 41% owned by CNPC, 40% by Petronas, 8% by Sudapet, 6% by Sinopec Corp and 5% by Al Thani  Another major block in the South, called Block B by Khartoum, is claimed by several players. Total of France was awarded the concession for the 90,000 square kilometre block in the 1980s but has since done limited work invoking "force majeure". Various elements of the SPLM handed out the block or parts thereof to other parties of Southern Sudan. Several of these pre-Naivasha deals were rejected when the SPLM/A leader Dr. John Garang de Mabior lost power. The wealth-sharing section of the CPA states that all agreements signed prior to the CPA would hold; they would not be subject to review by the National Petroleum Commission (NPC), a commission set up by the CPA and composed of both Khartoum and Southerners and co-chaired by both President al-Bashir of Khartoum and President Kiir of Southern Sudan. However, the CPA does not specify who could sign those pre-CPA agreements
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But here we are again where we started from ..  .. 
They were all planing without considering the "Chinese factor" .. 
Chinese Vice President Zeng Qinghong (L) and Sudanese First Vice President Salva Kiir Mayardit 
BEIJING, July 18 -- China is willing to help seek an early and proper resolution of the four-year conflict in western Sudan's Darfur region."China would like to work with the international community and push for the early and proper settlement of the Darfur issue," Vice President Zeng Qinghong said in a meeting with Sudanese First Vice President Salva Kiir Mayardit here Wednesday July 18th.Zeng reaffirmed China's stance on the Darfur issue and reviewed China's role in pushing for the early settlement of the issue.China appreciated that the Sudanese government has reached consensus with the United Nations and African Union (AU) on the deployment of a hybrid force of troops in Darfur, Zeng said.Zeng also hailed the efforts by various parties to promote the political process of the Darfur region.Mayardit, who is also president of the southern Sudan region, said the north and south of Sudan were both committed to maintaining national unity and reconstruction.He invited China to participate in the reconstruction of southern Sudan and promote Sudan-China friendly cooperation. Mayardit appreciated China's positive role in helping resolve the Darfur issue. Mayardit arrived in Beijing Tuesday afternoon. The six-day visit will also take him to China's financial center Shanghai and southwest China's Chongqing Municipality.

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